A selection of ten innovative discoveries that could significantly expand the capabilities of existing technologies. I find this info very interesting its good to know about our own world development take a look and grab some knowledge.
1. Biofuel from algae.
If you do not interfere with the global economic crisis, by 2030 12% of aviation fuel will be produced from algae. Mexico expects to reach 1% in 4 years. The first car on biofuel from algae was built in 2009. This biofuel – liquid resembling oil, allocates only one-fifth of the amount of carbon dioxide produced from burning fossil fuels and can be carried out in coastal areas. The main concern is money – the cost of production will decrease by 90%.
2. Zinc-air battery.
As the world’s reserves of zinc is 100 times greater then reserves of lithium, the transition to zinc-air batteries can make laptops more autonomous, electric car cheaper and to increase the reliability of hearing aids. Zinc is suitable for recycling and is relatively inexpensive, has a high specific energy. Now these batteries are used as a disposable power sources in hearing aids, but in the coming years it is expected to start production of rechargeable batteries.
3. Organic solar cells.
The company Carbon Trust believes that cheap organic solar cells can be efficient enough to be commercially successful.Carbon Trust supports the project to create a printed solar cell batteries, which can be used in Africa and India. But while the figures are disappointing: the efficiency is only 9%. If the figures will increase, many of us would go over to solar power.
4. Marine energy.
UK, U.S., Canada and Norway are the world leaders in the development of wave and tidal power. The cost of such facilities are more than double of their efficiency. In addition, the UK places suitable for their accommodation, located in deep or difficult to navigate the waters. And are currently under development to create a cheaper and more sophisticated tidal power. It is estimated by Carbon Trust,in 2020 Marine Energy will meet about 20% of the UK’s electricity needs.
5. “Smart” lighting.
The displacement of incandescent lamps with fluorescent lamps, which is 80% effective – its just the beginning. Intelligent lighting is an area of innovation, which employs hundreds of small businesses and creating new ways to ensure for poor countries also Developing light like sensitive external lighting systems with sensors for the presence of mills and factories. At the turn lamps, which provide access to the Internet and identify hazardous chemicals.
6. Pyrolysis oil.
An intensive search is underway for biofuels of tomorrow, which immediately give rise to disputes about the high cost of land and other controversial features of the production of bioethanol. Studies are under way for the production of pyrolysis oil, which is usually produced by incineration at a temperature of 500 degree Celsius. The project will starts in the UK in 2014 and in the next 10-15 years should begin to turn a profit. .
7. Automation of buildings.
The German company EnOcean, ranked in the list of 100 companies that are developing “clean” technology, Cleantech 100 in 2011, developing a system which responds to changes in temperature. System control signals sent by the automatic equipment of the building, which controls the lighting and heating. Also, this technology is being developed in cooperation with companies from around the world and it is must in the long term polichut advanced management of wireless systems in buildings.
8. Reliable technology offshore wind turbines.
What should I do if the installation is comparable in size to the Tower of London, Mary-exciton Ferris wheel will break 150 miles from shore in rough waters Dogger Bank? The main problem, due to which the UK Offshore Wind Energy uses only less than 5%. A consortium of companies engaged in energy looking for ways to improve the design and methods of installation and maintenance.
9. Economical ways to desalinate water.
The conversion of sea water into drinking or technical this process that has already earned large enterprises in the UAE, the USA and several countries. But the need for fresh water increases, including ,due to the growing needs of China. the processes used today are expensive resources and energy, there is great interest in improving filtration, reverse osmosis technology, which technology borrowed from the field of water softening.
10. Technology to capture and store carbon.
Capture technology and storage (CCS) can reduce the carbon dioxide in gas and coal fired power plants, manufacturing of cement and other industries by 90%. Due to problems with financing the project, the technology that so far exists only on paper. More than 200 British scientists iz36 universities involved in research. The International Energy Agency has calculated that to prevent the temperature increase on the planet by 2 degrees by 2050 would require about 3000 CCS systems in enterprises throughout the world. The reaction of the British Government is expected shortly.