Today we’ll tell you about the great constructions of totalitarian states , which were supposed to symbolize their greatness, but for a long time stood unfinished or empty. Some of these large-scale facilities for their countries recently got a new life , for them we will cover in this review.
Every totalitarian state sought to great constructions show its superiority over the rest of the world. However, the really big projects, such as in Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union and North Korea were often incomplete or abandoned after the fall of the regime or its financial collapse. But in recent years, one can observe a tendency to renewed interest in these objects. Private businesses or even government agencies pay attention to the remains of the totalitarian past, to translate them into modern, capitalist lines. Moreover, this trend has affected even the most closed country in the world – North Korea. Here we’ll tell you about the 5 most large-scale, ambitious projects of the totalitarian era, which nowadays take on a new character and a new life.
Breakthrough – the main beach resort of Nazi Germany
In 1936, on the island of Rügen in the Baltic Sea has begun large-scale construction – there began to build a huge complex of eight buildings, which had become a major holiday home of Nazi Germany. The project is implemented sports and patriotic society “Strength through Joy”, one of its initiators became Adolf Hitler personally.
The complex of eight six-story buildings stretches along the coast to 4500 meters. It was designed for rest, recreation and leisure at the same time 20 thousand vacationers. Erection of a breakthrough ended in 1939, but the outbreak of the Second World War prevented the full operation of rest homes for its intended purpose.
After the war Prorsky Colossus (the official name of a holiday home) became the first barracks of the Soviet Army and later the armed forces of the GDR. The unification of Germany put an end to the operation of the complex, for several decades, he was almost completely abandoned – to work was only museum of its territory.
But in 2004, five of the remaining Prorskogo Colossus buildings were sold to private entities, and since then, for a long time again to leave the facility under construction. Someone is going to turn their part of the complex to the hotel, someone – in the apartment, someone – a cheap youth hostel. The former Nazi holiday homes being built lookout tower, a sports center, SPA-salon and other facilities for relaxation and recreation.
The Germans, in spite of totalitarian history object, actively buying an apartment in a breakthrough, because the place where the complex is located, is famous for its forests and clean yellow sand, not very typical of the Baltic Sea.
Ryugyong Hotel – a giant hotel in the closed North Korea
Ryugёn hotel in Pyongyang in common with Prorskim Colossus is not just a name, like the name of the island of Rügen in the Baltic Sea, but also the enormity and sad story. This giant hotel had become the seventh-tallest building in the world, a symbol of the greatness of the North Korean nation, a clear proof of its success to the construction of society Juche.
Ryugyong Hotel Construction began in 1987 and for five years was almost entirely built of reinforced concrete frame 330-meter, 105-story building. But in 1992 all work on it for a long time stopped – the collapse of the Soviet Union stopped the flow of financial investments in North Korea, the country understood the profound economic crisis and famine – North Korea does not have the resources to even the most necessary things, not to mention the construction of a gigantic hotel.
For a long time the North Korean leadership has tried to find foreign investors willing to invest in the completion of construction of the hotel. They promised economic and political benefits in the territory of objects, including the possibility open a casino and nightclubs. But who wants to find was only in 2008 – Egyptian company Orascom agreed to finish the hotel in exchange for the issuance of license for mobile services in North Korea.
The intention to join the project and said the hotel chain Kempinski, but in 2013 she changed her mind to go to North Korea, fearing the reaction of the United States.
As of 2014, the main construction works are completed in Ryugyong Hotel, but its operation for its intended purpose and has not begun. And in general, it is not clear why you need a luxury hotel on the 3000 numbers in virtually closed to foreigners country.
The most famous and the biggest one and so-called “great construction projects of communism” was the laying of the Baikal-Amur Railway – railway line length of almost five thousand kilometers in Eastern Siberia and the Far East. It was to be shorter and more convenient alternative to Trans-Siberian Railway.
Talk about the need to build a railroad began in the late nineteenth century, the preparatory work – in 1932, and full construction – in 1938 the hands of prisoners. However, during the Great Patriotic War of the already laid railroad tracks BAM was dismantled and transported to the European part of the Soviet Union for military purposes.
The most famous and loud during the laying of the famous BAM started in 1974, when this project was an All-Komsomol building.The construction from all over the country streamed thousands of young professionals about him began to make films and write songs.
The main part of the railway was built before 1984. In 1991 BAM was recognized as the most expensive infrastructure project in the history of the USSR. However, it is fully implemented and has not been. Moreover, in the first decade of the Russian Federation Baikal-Amur Mainline hardly used – a day on it is just a few compositions. Finally, BAM Construction was completed in December 2003 with the commissioning of North-tunnel length 15343 meters – the longest and expensive like object country.
But even now, after construction, while growth and rapid development of the Far East, BAM remains unprofitable railway. There are, however, projects its expansion to increase cargo.
Energy Bunker: Nazi anti-aircraft towers in green power
One of the architectural symbols of the Nazi era in the history of Germany and Austria was the construction of the largest cities in these countries Luftwaffe anti-aircraft towers – huge concrete bunkers for protection against anti-Hitler coalition aircraft.
Total in Berlin, Hamburg and Vienna was built eight such towers. Some of them survived the war, however, after the end of the conflict, they were in no cases – were abandoned for several decades.
But now back to these facilities the public interest. In Vienna, for example, two former anti-aircraft towers have become museums, and in Hamburg, one of them has become a “green” power.
Bunker energy – an innovative “green” project, carried out on the ruins of a totalitarian Third Reich. Former military facility of Nazi Germany in our time has become a multifunctional complex, which included appear museum dedicated to the victims of the Second World War, a cafe with a survey platform, as well as several infrastructure projects.
The latter include the storage of fresh water, solar panels and power stations operating on biomethane and wood chips. Tower Energy Bunker provides electricity to neighboring homes by 85 percent.
Tropical Islands Resort – a tropical island in the hangar of the Nazi era
Tropical Islands Resort – is another object of the scale of the Nazi era, which today has become a place for recreation and entertainment. The history of this place begins in 1938, when near the town of Krausnick sixty kilometers from Berlin was built a huge hangar for zeppelins and balloons – the main types of air transport in the pre-war decades.
However, after the war, this place was empty for decades, until in 2002 the hangar not bought a Thai company, decided to convert it into a water park – a tropical island inside a huge dome.
Tropical Islands Resort opened its doors to the public in December 2004. And to this day it is the world’s largest indoor water park.
Inside, visitors will find a huge body of water the size of five Olympic swimming pools, in which even the artificial waves are nine large water slides, cafes, restaurants and even a tropical jungle (5000 plants of 600 different species).