Robot is an automatically guided machine which is able to do tasks on its own, almost always due to electronically-programmed instructions. Another common characteristic is that by its appearance or movements, a robot often conveys a sense that it has intent or agency of its own. Lets see some robots which are can be considered as the world’s most advanced robots till 2010.
The Honda Motor Company developed ASIMO, the most advanced humanoid robot in the world. ASIMO is the first humanoid robot in the world that can walk independently and climb stairs. Honda wanted to create a robot that would be a helper for people so it can also understand spoken commands, recognise voices and faces and with its arms and hands it can turn on light switches, open doors, carry objects.
World’s first running humanoid robot was SONY’s QRIO (2003). QRIO can run at 23 cm/s, and is capable of voice and face recognition. It remembers people as well as their likes and dislikes. QRIO’s internal battery lasts about 1 hour. QRIO is credited in Guinness World Records as being the first robot capable of running. QRIO follow up on the success of SONY’s AIBO toy. AIBO robotic pet is able to walk, ‘see’ its environment via camera, and recognise spoken commands, AIBOware is the software the AIBO runs on its memory stick.
Robosapien is robot designed by Mark Tilden (robotics physicist who worked for NASA) and produced by Wow Wee toys. The Robosapien is preprogrammed with moves, and also can be controlled by an infrared remote control, or by either a personal computer equipped with an infrared transmitter, and an infrared transmitter-equipped PDA. WowWee has also in its production Roboraptor, Roboreptile, Robosapien v2, Robopet, Robopanda, Roboquad, Flytech, Mini Robos, SpiderSapien, Homersapien and other robots.
Hitachi’s robot EMIEW use wheels instead of feet. The 4.2 ft (1.3 m) EMIEW was the world’s quickest-moving robot yet at 3.7 miles per hour (6 km/h). It has the features of recognition of voices and sounds from a distance, high-speed and agile movement, ability to get around obstructions and natural arm movement like a human. The Emiew is faster than Asimo, but does not have legs. Hitachi made simpler robots before, but the Emiew is their first Humaniod robot.
PaPeRo was developed by Japanese firm, NEC Corporation. It has the ability to remember its owners interests and preference and can recognize 650 phrases and speak more than 3000. When it cannot see a face well or if the distance or location is not satisfactory, it will adjust the distance on its own or tell the person, ‘It’s too dark’. It is noted for its cute appearance and its facial recognition system.
If you know any other robots which should be on this most advanced list share it with us and we will update the post right away.