1. Great Blue Hole
Outside of Belize, a country in South America, is almost perfectly circular hole with a diameter of 0.4 km. The water depth in this hole -145 m, which gives it a deep blue color. Tourists from all over the world are immersed in the great blue hole of Belize, to admire the amazing species of fish in its clear waters. It is believed that this magnificent geological object was formed billions of years ago, when the water rose above the caves.
In the Sahara desert in Mauritania is one of the most amazing geological wonders, Eye of the Sahara, which is also called the structure Rishat. In the middle of naked desert land can be seen like a bull’s eye formation, with a diameter of 50 km. The crews of space ships even use the Eye of the Sahara as a guide. It was supposed that the Sahara was called Eye of a meteorite on Earth. But now scientists believe that this creature was formed geological uplift and erosion of land.
Darwaza – a city in Turkmenistan, where there is an impressive geological formation, called the Gates of Hell. This hole in the ground has inexhaustible supplies of fuel gas. It is believed that about 35 years ago, geologists who drilled the ground to detect the gas, dug too deep and the ground collapsed. Geologists have not dared to climb into the hole to pick up their equipment. Fearing that the poisonous gas could come out of the land, they set fire to the gas in the hole and then lit a fire here permanently.
On the coldest continent, Antarctica is Erebus volcanic mountain covered with hundreds of ice towers. The towers are located at a height of 20 meters and constantly emitting steam. When the steam in the cold, the inner walls of the towers grow and expand.These earth geological creations like towers on the planet Mars, the satellites of Saturn, Jupiter and Neptune. This is constantly active volcano is another miracle of nature, where there are ice and fire. Erebus last erupted in 1978.
Australian aborigines, who live here are called Devil boulders Carla Carla (Karlu Karlu). These huge round boulders of red granite are located amidst beautiful landscape. The diameter of these boulders can be from 50 cm to 60 m in cross section. Some are very bizarre way, balancing one another. Diabolical boulders formed millions of years ago when molten magma was under the sandstone and cooled to form granite.
Years, and environmental factors have caused erosion, so today we can observe these amazing natural phenomena. For Australian Aboriginal Devil boulders have special spiritual significance.
Reed Flute Cave in Guangxi autonomous region in China is a famous landmark, also known as the Palace of Natural Art. Natural limestone caves filled with wonderful and bizarre formations like icicles and rock formations with the additional effect of colored light.
This geological object was named in honor of the cane, which is found outside the cave and used for making musical flutes. Its length is about 240 m and a vast territory, which is an impressive landscape. The object is ancient, since its walls are preserved inscriptions from the reign of the Tang dynasty, dated 792 BC
Salar de Uyuni in southwestern Bolivia. This geological wonder is the largest dried salt lake, located more than 3000 m over the Andes, with area greater than 10 000 km ².
This unique landscape formed by multiple layers of salt and water. In the middle of the marsh salt thickness is 10 m. When it rains, Salar de Uyuni sinking and looks like a huge mirror. It is believed that it was formed at the confluence of geothermal and saline lakes.At this point, several species of pink flamingos gather to breed.
The most frequently photographed the canyon to the south-western United States is Antelope Canyon. It is located on Navajo land in Arizona. Navajo people call it Tse bighanilini, which means “place where water flows over rocks.” Antelope Canyon is divided into two separate Canyon, Upper and Lower Antelope Canyon.
Since the rain water flowing through this place, it smooths out the rocks, giving them a curving shape. Antelope Canyon was formed during the heavy floods which have caused erosion of rocks, which opened the passages where the deep open corridors with interesting shaped rocks. In 2006, authorities closed the Antelope Canyon in 5 months because of flooding.
More than 50 miles? the province of Bohol in the Philippines, has settled the geological creation, called the Chocolate Hills. In fact, on these hills is not chocolate, but all the hills, which, according to some estimates, from 1268 to 1776, look chocolate-brown in the dry season. Chocolate Hills is the third National geological monument in the Philippines, and they are depicted on the flag of the province of Bohol. Chocolate Hills are the perfect uniform shape and the height is about 30-50 m. According to one version, they were formed by self-destruction of an active volcano. According to legend, they were formed from the tears of a giant who lost his love.
Reserve Tsinzhi du Bemaraha in Madagascar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a place where you can see the Stone Forest. The Stone Forest consists of a high and broad diffuse limestone, covering an area of 666 km ², being similar to the limestone towers.Locals warn that this is the place where you can not walk barefoot, because the terrain is quite steep. In the Stone forest inhabited by unique species of animals such as white lemur.