Ghost town is a completely abandoned town or city. A town often becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as a flood, government action, uncontrolled lawlessness, or war.
The term is sometimes used in a deprecated sense to include cities, towns, and neighborhoods which, while still populated, are significantly less so than in years past.
Here are 5 most incredible towns with their little story which turned them into a Ghost Town.
Varosha is a settlement in the unrecognised Republic of Northern Cyprus. For the last three decades, it has been left as a ghost town. In the 1970s, the city was the number one tourist destination in Cyprus. To cater to the increasing number of tourists, many new high-rise buildings and hotels were constructed. When the Turkish Army gained control of the area during the war, they fenced it off and have since refused admittance to anyone except Turkish military and UN personnel.
Kadykchan was one of many small Russian cities that fell into ruin when the Soviet Union collapsed. Residents were forced to move to gain access to services like running water, schools and medical care. The state moved them out over a period of two weeks, and they were taken to other towns and provided with new housing. Once a tin mining town of 12,000 people, the city is now desolate. In their hurry to leave, residents left their belongings behind in their homes, so that abandoned objects can be found throughout the empty city.
This island is one among 505 uninhabited islands in the Nagasaki Prefecture of Japan about 15 kms from Nagasaki. It began in 1890 when a company called Mitsubishi bought the island and began a project to retrieve coal from the bottom of the sea. As petroleum replaced coal in Japan in the 1960’s, coal mines began shutting down. In 1974 Mitsubishi officially announced the closing of the mine, and today it is empty and bare, with travel currently prohibited. The island was the location for the 2003 film ‘Battle Royale II’ and inspired the final level of popular Asian videogame ‘Killer7’.
The small village of Oradour-sur-Glane, France, is the setting of unspeakable horror. During World War II, residents were massacred by German soldiers as punishment for the French Resistance. The Germans had initially intended to target nearby Oradour-sur-Vayres and mistakenly invaded Oradour-sur-Glane. The village was razed by the Germans afterward. Its ruins still stand today as a memorial to the dead and a reminder of the events that took place.
Prypiat is an abandoned city in the ‘zone of alienation’ in northern Ukraine. It was home to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant workers, abandoned in 1986 following the Chernobyl disaster. Its population had been around 50,000 prior to the accident. However, many of the apartment buildings were almost completely looted some time around the beginning of the 21st century.Some buildings have remained untouched. Many of the building interiors have been vandalized and ransacked over the years.